Calculate GPA

Course Marks & Grades

The following course marks and grades relate to the performance of a student in the work of a particular course. A course grade or mark should not be interpreted as an assessment of a student's status within their program of studies as the status is determined by the promotional regulations outlined in the Academic Calendar.

Have questions about your academic status? Consult your Academic Advisor.

The equivalents of the numerical scale of marks in the refined letter grade scale and the grade point value are as follows:

Numerical Scale of Mark Letter Grade Refined Grade Point Value
 90-100  A+  4.0
 85-89  A  4.0
 80-84  A-  3.7
 77-79  B+  3.3
 73-76  B  3.0
 70-72  B-  2.7
 67-69  C+  2.3
 63-66  C  2.0
 60-62  C-  1.7
 57-59  D+  1.3
 53-56  D  1.0
50-52 D- 0.7
0-49 F 0

The grade point values above apply to marks earned in individual courses. Grade point averages are weighted sums of the grade points earned (see below), and thus do not necessarily correspond exactly to the scale above.

Are you looking to improve your grades? The U of T Engineering Learning Strategist can help you meet your study goals. You can schedule an appointment to discuss everything from problem-solving and time management to figuring out your learning style. Make an appointment through Engineering Portal or through the First Year Office.

Grade Point Average (GPA)

U of T Engineering does not promote students on the basis of Grade Point Average (GPA). Students are promoted on their weighted sessional average.

GPA is the weighted sum of the grade points earned, divided by the number of courses in which grade points were earned. Courses noted as Aegrotat (AEG) are not included in the average, nor are transfer credits, courses taken elsewhere on a Letter of Permission or courses designated as “Extra.”

Three types of grade point averages are shown on a student's official transcript:

  • Sessional Grade Point Average (SGPA) is based on courses taken in a single session (Fall, Winter or Summer)
  • Annual Grade Point Average (AGPA) is based on courses taken in the Fall-Winter Sessions
  • Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) takes into account all courses taken for degree credit in the Faculty

The calculations for your SGPA are based on the GPA value of each course. It is not calculated based solely on the sessional percentage average due to the fact that each course is weighted differently and has different GPA values.

An example of calculated SGPA and Sessional Weighted Average for a single Winter Session is located below.

Course Weight (W)  % Value (P) GPA Value (G)  G*W (T) W*P (S)
ANT100Y1 1 73% 3 3 0.73
CIV111H1 0.5 77% 3.7 1.85 0.385
CHE222H1 0.5 63% 2 1 0.315
ELE333H1 0.5 90% 4 2 0.45
MIE444H1 0.5 74% 3 1.5 0.37
Total 3 9.35 2.25
SGPA and SWA 3.1 0.75

Sessional Grade Point Average: (Total of the T column) divided by (Total of the W column) or 9.35/3.00 = 3.1.

Sessional Weighted Average: (Total of the S colum) divided by (Total of the W column) or (2.25/3) = 0.75 or 75%.